Glossary of Terms

Recycled Material

Recycled material refers to waste that has been converted into new materials or products, which can be used in manufacturing or construction, reducing the need for virgin resources and minimizing environmental impact.

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Test Pit

A test pit is an excavation in the ground used to study the soil composition, identify subsurface features, and determine the suitability of a site for construction or environmental assessment purposes.

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Abatement

Abatement is the reduction, elimination, or containment of a negative or unwanted substance, condition, or activity. In specific contexts, it refers to the processes or measures taken to reduce levels of hazardous substances, such as pollutants or noise, or the mitigation of activities that can lead to such conditions.

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Toxicity

Toxicity refers to the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism, causing harm to living tissue, disrupting biological processes, or leading to severe health effects or death when ingested, inhaled, or absorbed.

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Remediation

Remediation is the process of reversing or stopping environmental damage by removing pollution or contaminants from soil, groundwater, sediment, or surface water for the general protection of human health and the environment.

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Tamping

Tamping refers to the process of compacting soil, gravel, or other granular material, typically using a tool or machine, to create a solid base for construction or landscaping purposes.

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Reclamation

Reclamation is the process of converting disturbed or degraded land to its former or other productive uses, often involving the remediation of environmental damage and the restoration of ecosystems.

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Borrow Pit

A borrow pit is an area where material (usually soil, gravel, or sand) has been dug for use at another location, particularly in construction and civil engineering projects, to create embankments, fill areas, or as aggregate for concrete or asphalt.

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Bulldoze

Bulldoze is the action of using a bulldozer to push, dig, excavate, level, or remove material, commonly in construction or demolition projects. It refers to the process of clearing land, including the removal of trees, shrubs, and debris, to prepare for new construction or landscaping.

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Decommission

Decommission refers to the process of taking a facility, infrastructure, or industrial site out of service, often involving dismantling structures, remediating environmental impacts, and ensuring safe disposal of materials.

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Effluent

Effluent refers to wastewater, either treated or untreated, that flows out from an industrial, commercial, or domestic establishment into the environment or a sewage treatment facility.

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Porosity

Porosity is the measure of the void spaces in a material, and is a fraction of the volume of voids over the total volume, between 0–1, or as a percentage between 0–100%.

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Transpiration

Transpiration is the process by which moisture is carried from the roots of plants to small pores on the underside of leaves, where it changes to vapor and is released into the atmosphere.

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Calibration

Calibration is the process of configuring an instrument or tool to provide results within an acceptable range. It involves adjusting the output or indication of a measuring device to correspond with values of a standard or reference of known accuracy.

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Turbidity

Turbidity is the measure of the cloudiness or haziness of a fluid caused by large numbers of individual particles that are generally invisible to the naked eye, similar to smoke in the air.

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Percolation

Percolation is the process by which a liquid slowly passes through a filter or porous substance. In environmental contexts, it typically refers to the movement of water through soil layers and the underlying materials, which is essential for replenishing groundwater and filtering out pollutants.

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Pollution

Pollution refers to the introduction of harmful substances or products into the environment, resulting in adverse effects on the health of living organisms and the ecosystem.

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Rebar

Rebar, short for reinforcing bar, is a steel bar or mesh of steel wires used as a tension device in reinforced concrete and reinforced masonry structures to strengthen and aid the concrete under tension.

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Stratification

Stratification refers to the layering that occurs in most sedimentary rocks and other geological formations where the material is arranged in layers of varying thickness and composition, often created by different energy levels and environmental conditions over time.

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Waste Management

Waste management refers to the comprehensive process of collection, transportation, disposal, and recycling of waste materials in an environmentally responsible manner to minimize negative impacts on public health and the environment.

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Vegetative Cover

Vegetative cover refers to the layers of vegetation that cover the ground, including grass, trees, shrubs, and crops, which protect the soil from erosion and provide habitat for wildlife.

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Vernal Pool

A vernal pool is a temporary body of water that typically forms in the spring from rain and melting snow, dries up during the summer or fall, and is devoid of fish, providing a unique habitat for certain species.

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Fill Material

Fill Material refers to any substance used to fill in an excavation or depression in the ground. Common types include soil, sand, gravel, and crushed stone, often utilized in construction projects to create level surfaces or raise ground elevations.

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Silt

Silt is fine granular material, typically between sand and clay in size, that is carried by running water and deposited as a sediment, especially in a channel or harbor.

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Skimmer

A skimmer is a device used to remove unwanted materials from the surface of a liquid, commonly used in water treatment, swimming pools, and industrial applications to maintain cleanliness and operational efficiency.

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Subgrade

Subgrade refers to the native soil beneath a constructed road, pavement, or railway track, prepared to support the loads applied above and serve as a foundation for the surface materials.

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Trench

A trench is a long, narrow ditch excavated in the ground, typically used for the installation of underground utilities, for drainage, or as a defensive tactic in military operations.

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Terrace

A terrace is a leveled section of a hilly cultivated area, designed as a step to create a flat surface on sloping ground, which reduces soil erosion and is used in agriculture and building construction.

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Mitigation

Mitigation refers to the strategies and actions taken to reduce or alleviate the severity of negative impacts, particularly those related to environmental or construction activities. This can include measures to minimize environmental damage, reduce risk, or lessen the severity of consequences.

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Subsoil

Subsoil is the layer of soil beneath the topsoil that has less organic material and is often more compact. It plays a critical role in water drainage and can affect the stability and support of structures.

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Sandblasting

Sandblasting is a process that uses a stream of sand propelled by water or compressed air to clean, smooth, or shape the surface of a material, often for the preparation of painting or coating.

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Paving

Paving refers to the process and technique of covering or laying out a surface with a hard, flat material like stones, bricks, tiles, or concrete. It's commonly used to create roads, walkways, driveways, and other durable, smooth surfaces that facilitate travel and transport.

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Bioremediation

Bioremediation is the use of living organisms, like microbes and plants, to neutralize or remove contaminants from soil, water, and other environments. It harnesses natural processes to break down harmful substances into less hazardous or harmless ones.

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Sediment

Sediment is a naturally occurring material, often composed of particles derived from rocks or biological materials, that is transported by water, wind, or ice and deposited on the surface of the land or the bottom of bodies of water.

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Sump

A sump is a pit or hollow in which liquid, typically water or chemicals, collects, often used in basements or crawl spaces to remove unwanted water that has entered through flooding or seepage.

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Aeration

Aeration is the process of introducing air into a material or environment, typically to improve the quality or to promote the degradation of pollutants. In the context of environmental and construction services, it usually refers to the circulation of air within soil or water systems to enhance the breakdown of organic matter and the treatment of waste.

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Geomembrane

A synthetic membrane liner or barrier used predominantly to control fluid (or gas) migration in a human-made project, structure, or system. Geomembranes are made from relatively thin continuous polymeric sheets, but they can also be made from the impregnation of geotextiles with asphalt, elastomer, or polymer sprays, or as multilayered bitumen geocomposites.

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Chlorides

Chlorides are a type of chemical compound formed when chlorine, a halogen element, combines with a metal or another element, often characterized by high solubility in water and varied applications in industries like construction and environmental management.

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Capping

Capping refers to the process of placing a protective cover or barrier on top of an area, such as a landfill or contaminated site, to prevent the spread of contaminants, manage gas emissions, or control erosion.

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Drilling Rig

A drilling rig is a machine specifically designed for drilling holes in the earth's surface for various purposes, including oil and gas extraction, mineral exploration, water well drilling, and construction projects requiring deep foundation drilling.

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Hydrology

Hydrology is the scientific study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, encompassing the water cycle, water resources, and environmental watershed sustainability.

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Disposal

Disposal, in environmental or construction contexts, refers to the process of discarding, getting rid of, or systematically managing waste materials, by-products, or unwanted substances from various activities.

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Demarcation

Demarcation in the context of environmental or construction services refers to the act of setting or marking the boundaries of a property, site, or area, often for legal, safety, or management purposes.

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Road Base

Road base refers to the layer of aggregate material laid down on the subgrade of a road before the addition of asphalt or concrete. It provides a stable foundation that distributes the load and helps to prevent the pavement from deforming under the weight of traffic.

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Storm Drain

A storm drain is an infrastructure system designed to drain excess rain and ground water from paved streets, parking lots, sidewalks, and roofs.

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Drainage

Drainage refers to the natural or artificial removal of surface and sub-surface water from an area, commonly used in agricultural, urban, and construction settings to prevent water accumulation and promote effective water management.

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Erosion

Erosion is the process by which natural forces like water, wind, or ice wear away soils and rocks, transporting and depositing them in other locations.

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Grading

In the context of construction and environmental services, grading refers to the process of leveling or sloping the ground to create a desired shape or elevation. This process is essential for establishing a suitable foundation for construction projects and for managing drainage and erosion.

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Pruning

Pruning is a critical maintenance technique in horticulture and arboriculture involving the careful removal of plant parts. It is a strategic process aimed at removing unwanted, unproductive, or diseased portions of a plant to stimulate healthy growth and development. This practice not only enhances plant structure and appearance but also encourages the production of flowers and fruits.

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Compaction

Compaction is the process of applying mechanical force to compress soil or other materials, thereby increasing their density and stability, which is essential for creating a solid foundation for construction projects or for landfill stability.

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Landfill

A landfill is a designated area where waste is disposed of by burying it, often after compacting it to save space. This method is commonly used for waste management and involves layers of waste and soil to aid in decomposition and prevent environmental contamination.

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Outfall

An outfall is a point where water or sewage is discharged, typically from a sewer, drain, or other conduit, into a body of water like a river, lake, or ocean.

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Preservation

Preservation refers to the maintenance or conservation of a resource or property in its existing state, preventing decay or degradation over time.

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Deforestation

Deforestation is the removal or clearing of forests or stands of trees for non-forest use, such as agriculture, urban development, or logging.

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Haul Route

A haul route is a designated path or road used for transporting materials, equipment, or waste to and from construction sites. These routes are planned to optimize efficiency, reduce transportation costs, and minimize the impact on traffic and the environment.

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Underpinning

Underpinning is the process of strengthening and stabilizing the foundation of an existing building or structure.

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Bioaccumulation

Bioaccumulation refers to the gradual accumulation of substances, such as pesticides or other chemicals, in an organism. It occurs when an organism absorbs a toxic substance at a rate faster than that at which the substance is lost by catabolism and excretion.

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Debris

Debris refers to the scattered pieces of waste or remains, typically resulting from demolition, construction, natural disasters, or other activities that disrupt the physical environment.

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Surface Water

Surface water is any body of water found on the Earth's surface, such as oceans, rivers, lakes, and ponds, which is used for various purposes including drinking, irrigation, recreation, and industrial activities.

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Dust Suppression

Dust suppression refers to the methods and techniques used to reduce or eliminate the dispersion of dust particles in the environment, commonly employed in construction sites, mining operations, and other industrial settings to improve air quality and reduce health hazards.

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Aggregate

Aggregate is a material composed of various particles used in construction, which, when bound together, forms a solid mass. It includes sand, gravel, crushed stone, and recycled concrete, and is essential in creating concrete, asphalt, and other building materials.

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Culvert

A culvert is a structure that allows water to flow under a road, railroad, trail, or similar obstruction from one side to the other, typically embedded and surrounded by soil.

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Discharge

In environmental and construction contexts, discharge refers to the release or expulsion of substances, typically water or other liquids, gases, or particulate matter, from a source into the surrounding environment.

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Asphalt

Asphalt is a sticky, black, and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum, commonly used for road construction and roofing because it is waterproof and can bind materials together.

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Retention Pond

A retention pond is a man-made basin designed to gather and store rainwater runoff, primarily from urban areas, to prevent flooding, improve water quality, and provide a controlled release of the stored water into the environment.

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Caliche

Caliche is a sedimentary rock, a hardened deposit of calcium carbonate, that forms when minerals precipitate out of groundwater. It is commonly found in arid and semi-arid regions, forming layers at or near the surface of the ground.

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Dewatering

Dewatering is the process of removing water from an area or a material, commonly employed in construction sites, mining operations, and environmental management to lower the water table or dry out materials.

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Soil Stabilization

Soil stabilization is the process of altering soil properties to improve strength, durability, and load-bearing capacity for construction projects and environmental management.

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Containment

Containment in environmental and construction contexts refers to the methods and structures designed to control or hold pollutants, such as chemical spills, contaminated soil, or construction debris, to prevent them from spreading into the environment.

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Backfill

Backfill is the process of replacing or reusing the soil that is removed during construction activities such as excavating for foundations, trenches, or other earthworks. This material is used to refill the excavation and support structures, ensuring stability and proper drainage.

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Impermeable

Impermeable refers to a characteristic of materials that do not allow fluids or gases to pass through them. This property is crucial in controlling and managing the flow of water in various environmental and construction contexts.

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Geotextile

A permeable fabric made from synthetic or natural materials, used in conjunction with soil to enhance its properties for civil engineering, construction, and environmental applications. Geotextiles are designed to provide functions such as separation, filtration, reinforcement, protection, and drainage.

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Hazardous

"Hazardous" refers to substances or conditions that pose a risk of causing harm to health, safety, property, or the environment. In the context of construction and environmental management, it typically relates to materials or situations that require careful handling and adherence to safety protocols to prevent accidents and contamination.

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Water Table

The water table refers to the underground boundary or level at which the ground is saturated with water. It is a critical concept in hydrogeology and environmental sciences, impacting various aspects of construction, groundwater management, and environmental assessment.

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Excavation

Excavation is the process of removing earth, rock, or other materials from a site, typically using tools, heavy machinery, or explosives, to create a cavity, hole, or open space. This process is commonly employed in construction, archeology, and environmental restoration projects.

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Slurry

Slurry is a semi-liquid mixture, typically of fine particles of manure, cement, or coal suspended in water, used in various industrial and environmental processes such as concrete preparation, manure management, and mineral processing.

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Catchment

A catchment is an area of land where water collects when it rains, often bounded by natural features like hills or mountains, from which the water is collected and flows into a water system such as a river, lake, reservoir, or aquifer.

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Groundwater

Groundwater refers to the water that is found beneath the Earth's surface, filling the pores and fractures in rocks and sediments. It is a crucial source of water for drinking, irrigation, and industrial uses, and plays a significant role in maintaining ecosystems and influencing land stability.

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Drilling Pit

A drilling pit is an excavation created to facilitate drilling operations, typically used to collect drilling fluids, cuttings, and other materials produced during drilling processes in construction or resource extraction activities.

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Filtration

A process where solids are separated from liquids or gases through a filter medium that allows only the fluid to pass through, while trapping the solid particles.

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Ecosystem

An ecosystem is a complex network of living organisms, such as plants, animals, and microorganisms, interacting with each other and their physical environment. These interactions create a system of nutrient cycles and energy flows that sustain the ecosystem's health and stability.

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Irrigation

Irrigation is the process of artificially applying water to land or soil to assist in the growing of agricultural crops and vegetation, to maintain landscapes, and to revegetate disturbed soils in dry areas and during periods of inadequate rainfall.

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Runoff

Runoff is water from rain or snow that flows over the land surface and is not absorbed into the ground. It can accumulate from rain, melting snow, or irrigation and can pick up pollutants before flowing into natural water bodies or stormwater systems.

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Buffer Zone

A buffer zone is an area created to enhance the protection of a certain space by separating it from potentially harmful activities or influences. In environmental and construction contexts, it typically serves to safeguard natural or sensitive areas from the impacts of development or pollution.

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Stormwater Management

Stormwater management refers to the practices and procedures used to control the runoff of rainwater or melted snow from streets, lawns, and other sites to improve water quality and prevent flooding and erosion.

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Particulates

Particulates are tiny particles of solid or liquid matter suspended in a gas or liquid. In the context of environmental and construction services, they refer to the microscopic particles found in the air, often resulting from various human activities like industrial processes, construction work, vehicle emissions, and natural sources such as dust and pollen.

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Plume

A plume, in environmental and construction contexts, refers to a visible or invisible spread of substances, such as gases, dust, or contaminants, emanating from a source and dispersing into the surrounding environment, often influenced by factors like wind, water currents, and gravity.

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Berm

A berm is a raised barrier or shelf of land, often constructed using compacted soil, that serves various purposes such as controlling drainage, managing erosion, landscaping, or as a protective barrier around structures or areas.

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Topography

Topography refers to the arrangement of the natural and artificial physical features of an area, including its terrain, elevation, and landforms.

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Pesticide

A pesticide is a substance or mixture of substances used to prevent, control, or eliminate pests. These pests include insects, weeds, fungi, rodents, and other organisms that can cause damage to crops, buildings, and other structures, or pose a risk to public health.

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Nonpoint Source

Nonpoint source pollution refers to pollution that does not originate from a single, identifiable source but rather from multiple, diffuse sources. It typically occurs when rainfall or snowmelt moves over and through the ground, picking up and carrying away natural and human-made pollutants, depositing them into lakes, rivers, wetlands, coastal waters, and even underground sources of drinking water.

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Watershed

A watershed refers to an area of land where all the surface water drains into a common water body, such as a river, lake, or ocean. It serves as a natural boundary for water drainage and plays a vital role in environmental management and construction planning.

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Permeability

Permeability is a property of a material that allows fluids or gases to pass through it via pores or intermolecular spaces.

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Aquifer

An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt) from which groundwater can be extracted using a water well.

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Infiltration

Infiltration is the process by which water on the ground surface enters the soil. It is a critical component in hydrology, affecting groundwater recharge, water table levels, and the overall hydrological cycle.

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Sustainability

Sustainability is the practice of meeting our own needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet theirs, by maintaining a balance between the environment, economy, and society.

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Swale

A swale is a shallow, vegetated trough designed to capture and convey runoff while facilitating infiltration and filtering pollutants, commonly used in landscape design and sustainable drainage systems.

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Contamination

Contamination refers to the presence of an unwanted substance or impurity in a material, substance, or environment which can compromise its quality, purity, or intended use.

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Site Plan

A site plan is a detailed architectural drawing that outlines the layout of existing and proposed structures and uses of a parcel of land, as well as topography, landscaping, and infrastructure.

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pH

pH is a scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution. Lower pH values correspond to higher acidity, while higher pH values indicate higher alkalinity.

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Service Locations

We proudly serve West Texas, South-East New Mexico, and surrounding areas for all of our services.

Midland, TX
Monahans, TX
Hobbs, NM
Odessa, TX
Pecos, TX
Lovington, NM
Fort Stockton, TX
Big Spring, TX
Carlsbad, NM
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Environmental Services

Environmental services play a crucial role in maintaining a healthy living environment. Ideally, activities like oil drilling, chemical storage, and waste disposal would never impact our surroundings. However, accidents are unpredictable and can cause significant environmental harm if unaddressed. Reach out to learn how our environmental service solutions can support your project and safeguard our ecosystem.

Safety & Procedures

Our mission is to deliver top-tier environmental and construction services to the Permian Basin and its vicinity, prioritizing efficiency, affordability, and safety. At Stingray, our workforce is fully trained in SafeLand and H2S protocols. We start each day with a Job Safety Analysis and a Tailgate Safety Meeting, followed by a comprehensive job site walkthrough. This ensures our team is well-informed and prepared for the day's tasks.