Surface Water

What is Surface Water?

Surface water is the water that collects on the surface of the Earth in the form of streams, rivers, lakes, reservoirs, and oceans. It is an essential component of the Earth's water cycle and is a critical resource for human activities, wildlife, and ecosystems.

Sources and Types of Surface Water

The primary sources of surface water include precipitation, melting snow and ice, and runoff from land. Surface water can be categorized into flowing water, such as rivers and streams, and standing water, such as lakes and ponds.

Role in Environmental and Construction Services

In environmental services, surface water is monitored for quality and quantity as it plays a key role in sustaining life and habitats. In construction services, surface water management is crucial for preventing flood risks and maintaining water quality during the development of infrastructure.

Surface Water Management

Effective management of surface water is vital to prevent flooding, reduce pollution, and protect ecosystems. It involves practices like constructing detention basins, implementing stormwater management systems, and creating riparian buffers.

Impact of Surface Water on Construction

During construction, surface water must be carefully managed to prevent erosion, sedimentation, and water pollution. This is achieved through the use of silt fences, storm drains, and proper site grading.

Surface Water Quality and Treatment

Maintaining the quality of surface water is essential for public health and environmental integrity. Water treatment facilities play a significant role in ensuring that surface water is safe for human use and consumption.

Challenges in Surface Water Conservation

Challenges facing surface water conservation include contamination from industrial discharges, agricultural runoff, and urbanization. Addressing these challenges requires a combination of regulatory measures, pollution control technologies, and public education.

Innovation in Surface Water Technology

Advancements in technology have led to more efficient water monitoring and treatment methods. Innovations include remote sensing for water quality, automated sampling systems, and advanced filtration techniques.


Surface water is a dynamic and vital resource that requires careful management to balance human needs with environmental protection. Through concerted efforts in monitoring, management, and innovation, surface water can continue to support diverse life forms, contribute to economic activities, and maintain ecological balance.

Service Locations

We proudly serve West Texas, South-East New Mexico, and surrounding areas for all of our services.

Midland, TX
Monahans, TX
Hobbs, NM
Odessa, TX
Pecos, TX
Lovington, NM
Fort Stockton, TX
Big Spring, TX
Carlsbad, NM
View All Locations

Environmental Services

Environmental services play a crucial role in maintaining a healthy living environment. Ideally, activities like oil drilling, chemical storage, and waste disposal would never impact our surroundings. However, accidents are unpredictable and can cause significant environmental harm if unaddressed. Reach out to learn how our environmental service solutions can support your project and safeguard our ecosystem.

Safety & Procedures

Our mission is to deliver top-tier environmental and construction services to the Permian Basin and its vicinity, prioritizing efficiency, affordability, and safety. At Stingray, our workforce is fully trained in SafeLand and H2S protocols. We start each day with a Job Safety Analysis and a Tailgate Safety Meeting, followed by a comprehensive job site walkthrough. This ensures our team is well-informed and prepared for the day's tasks.